Mapping and analysis undertaken for the Commission’s Bioeconomy Knowledge Center shows that there is a growing number of regional bioeconomy strategies, either fully targeted or relevant to the bioeconomy. Their roll-out accelerated after the launch of the EU’s revised bioeconomy strategy in 2018.
Regional bioeconomy strategies are essential to improve livelihoods in rural and coastal areas, manage natural resources sustainably and make the most of the availability of biological resources as well as the geographical, climatic, economic and political specificities of the regions. regions of the EU.
The mapping exercise contributes to the EU Bioeconomy Strategy Action Plan to monitor the deployment of local bioeconomies in the EU. It compiles currently existing regional bioeconomy strategies at different levels of regional classification. These include the NUTS1, NUTS2 and NUTS3 regions: major, basic and smaller regions respectively.
The study reveals that 194 regions in the EU27 have put in place a strategic framework for the bioeconomy or are in the process of doing so. In total, there are 359 relevant strategies for the bioeconomy at regional level in the EU. Of these, 334 frameworks are published as documents such as strategies, action plans, roadmaps, and the rest are under development.
Analysis and models
Some regions have several strategies in place at the same time, addressing various sectors, ranging from bio-based energy production or organic waste recycling to agricultural residue treatment, to name a few.
The existence of regional bioeconomy strategies depends mainly on two factors. First, if the country is large and decentralized, bioeconomy strategies are likely to exist at the regional level. Secondly, when a strategy for the bioeconomy exists at the national level, it can also apply to regional and local action and, therefore, there can be fewer (dedicated) strategies at the regional level.
In this case, the bioeconomy at the sub-national level can be mainly integrated into broader policy frameworks. However, even if a national strategy exists, there may still be regional frameworks to further specify actions and focus on the specificities of the regions.