Nesme, T., Metson, GS & Bennett, EM Global phosphorus flows through agricultural trade. Glob. About. Change 50, 133-141 (2018).
Kastner, T., Erb, KH & Haberl, H. Rapidly Growing Agricultural Trade: Effects on Global Zone Efficiency and the Role of Management. About. Res. Lett. 9, 034015 (2014).
Puma, MJ, Bose, S., Chon, SY & Cook, BI Assessing the Changing Fragility of the Global Food System. About. Res. Lett. ten, 024007 (2015).
Bernard de Raymond, A. et al. Systemic risk and food security. Emerging trends and future research avenues. Glob. Dry. 29, 100547 (2021).
Nesme, T., Roques, S., Metson, GS & Bennett, EM The surprisingly small but growing role of international agricultural trade on the European Union’s dependence on mineral phosphorus fertilizers. About. Res. Lett. 11, 025003 (2016).
Liu, J. et al. Frame sustainability in a telecoupled world. School. Soc. 18, 26 (2013).
Rosa, L., Chiarelli, DD, Tu, C., Rulli, MC & D’Odorico, P. Unsustainable global virtual water flows in agricultural trade. About. Res. Lett. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ab4bfc (2019).
D’Odorico, P. et al. Global virtual water trade and the hydrological cycle: socio-environmental models, factors and impacts. About. Res. Lett. 14, 053001 (2019).
Marchand, P. et al. Reserves and trade jointly determine exposure to food supply shocks. About. Res. Lett. 11, 095009 (2016).
Tu, C., Suweis, S. & D’Odorico, P. Impact of globalization on the resilience and sustainability of natural resources. Nat. To support 2, 283-289 (2019).
Mineral raw materials summaries 2019 (USGS, 2019); https://doi.org/10.3133/70202434
Lun, F. et al. Influences of international agricultural trade on the global phosphorus cycle and its associated issues. Glob. About. Change 69, 102282 (2021).
Schipanski, ME & Bennett, EM The influence of agricultural trade and animal production on the global phosphorus cycle. Ecosystems 15, 256-268 (2012).
Cordell, D. & Neset, TSS Phosphorus vulnerability: a qualitative framework for assessing the vulnerability of national and regional food systems to multidimensional stressors of phosphorus scarcity. Glob. About. Change 24, 108-122 (2014).
Cordell, D. & White, S. The Bottleneck of Life: Preserving the world’s phosphorus for a secure food future. Annu. Rev. About. Resour. 39, 161-188 (2014).
Smil, V. Phosphorus in the environment: natural fluxes and human interference. Annu. Rev. Energy Approx. 25, 53-88 (2000).
Sattari, SZ, Bouwman, AF, Giller, KE & van Ittersum, MK Residual soil phosphorus as a missing piece in the puzzle of the global phosphorus crisis. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. United States 109, 6348-6353 (2012).
Trimmer, JT & Guest, JS Recirculation of human-made nutrients from cities to agriculture on six continents. Nat. To support. 1, 427-435 (2018).
FAOSTAT statistical database (FAO, 2019); http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data
Heffer, P., Gruère, A. & Roberts, T. Global Crop Fertilizer Use Assessment (IFA, 2017).
Ringeval, B. et al. Phosphorus in agricultural soils: drivers of its worldwide distribution. Glob. Change Biol. 23, 3418-3432 (2017).
MacDonald, GK et al. Rethinking agricultural trade relations in the era of globalization. Biosciences 65, 275-289 (2015).
Ordway, EM, Asner, GP & Lambin, EF Risk of deforestation due to the expansion of staple crops in sub-Saharan Africa. About. Res. Lett. 12, 044015 (2017).
Cassidy, ES, West, PC, Gerber, JS & Foley, JA Redefining crop yields: tonnes people fed per hectare. About. Res. Lett. 8, 034015 (2013).
Zeev, M. Preferential attachment, homophilia and the structure of international networks, 1816-2003. Confl. Manage. Peace Sci. 29, 341-369 (2012).
Le Noé, J. et al. The legacy of phosphorus offers opportunities for agro-ecological transition (France 1850-2075). About. Res. Lett. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ab82cc (2020).
Mueller, ND et al. Bridging yield gaps through nutrient and water management. Nature 490, 254-257 (2012).
Lun, F. et al. Global and regional phosphorus balances in agricultural systems and their implications for phosphorus use efficiency. Syst. of land Sci. Data https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-1-2018 (2018).
Van Vuuren, DP, Bouwman, AF & Beusen, AHW Phosphorus demand for the period 1970-2100: a resource depletion scenario analysis. Glob. About. Change 20, 428-439 (2010).
Elser, JJ, Elser, TJ, Carpenter, SR & Brock, WA Diet shift in fertilizer products indicates more turbulence ahead for food security. PLoS A 9, e93998 (2014).
Headey, D. Rethinking the Global Food Crisis: The Role of Trade Shocks. Food policy 36, 136-146 (2011).
Rosen, J. Humanity evacuates one of the essential elements of life. Atlantic (February 8, 2021).
Risks and Opportunities in the Global Phosphate Rock Market (The Hague Center for Strategic Studies, 2012).
The global fertilizer crisis and Africa (Future Agricultures, 2008).
Tamea, S., Laio, F. & Ridolfi, L. Global effects of local food production crises: a virtual water perspective. Sci. representing 6, 18803 (2016).
Yang, X. & Post, WM Phosphorus transformations as a function of pedogenesis: a synthesis of soil phosphorus data using the Hedley fractionation method. Biogeosciences 8, 2907-2916 (2011).
Menezes-Blackburn, D. et al. Opportunities for mobilizing recalcitrant phosphorus in agricultural soils: a review. Vegetable soil 427, 5-16 (2018).
Roy, ED et al. The phosphorus cost of agricultural intensification in the tropics. Nat. Plants 2, 16043 (2016).
Chen, M. & Graedel, TE A half-century of global phosphorus flows, stocks, production, consumption, recycling and environmental impacts. Glob. About. Change 36, 139-152 (2016).
Brownlie, WJ et al. Global actions for a sustainable future of phosphorus. Nat. Food 2, 71-74 (2021).
Sharpley, A., Kleinman, P., Jarvie, H. & Flaten, D. Distant views and local realities: the limits of global assessments for restoring the fragmented phosphorus cycle. Agric. About. Lett. 1, 160024 (2016).
Van Drecht, G., Bouwman, AF, Harrison, J. & Knoop, JM Global nitrogen and phosphate in urban wastewater for the period 1970 to 2050. Glob. Biogeochemistry. Cycles 23, GB0A03 (2009).
Tonini, D., Saveyn, HGM & Huygens, D. Environmental and health co-benefits for advanced phosphorus recovery. Nat. To support. 2, 1051-1061 (2019).
Nesme, T., Senthilkumar, K., Mollier, A. & Pellerin, S. Effects of crop and livestock segregation on phosphorus resource use: a systematic regional analysis. EUR. J. Agron. 71, 88-95 (2015).
Grote, U., Craswell, E. & Vlek, P. Nutrient Flows in International Trade: Ecological and Policy Issues. About. Sci. Politics 8, 439-451 (2005).
Hamilton, HA et al. Trade and the role of non-food raw materials in global eutrophication. Nat. To support. 1, 314-321 (2018).
Kastner, T., Kastner, M. & Nonhebel, S. Tracing the distant environmental impacts of agricultural products from a consumer perspective. School. Econ. 70, 1032-1040 (2011).
Herrero, M. et al. Biomass use, production, feed efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions from global livestock systems. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. United States 110, 20888–20893 (2013).
Sheldrick, W., Syers, JK & Lingard, J. Contribution of livestock faeces to nutritional balance sheets. Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosist. 66, 119-131 (2003).
Yunju, L. et al. Fertilizer use patterns in Yunnan province, China: implications for agricultural and environmental policy. Agric. Syst. 110, 78-89 (2012).
Nesme, T., Bellon, S., Lescourret, F., Senoussi, R. & Habib, R. Are agronomic models useful for studying farmers’ fertilization practices? Agric. Syst. 83, 297-314 (2005).
Yang, Y. & Suh, S. Changes in the environmental impacts of major crops in the United States. About. Res. Lett. ten, 094016 (2015).